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Syngnathoides biaculeatus (Bloch, 1785)

Alligator pipefish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Syngnathoides biaculeatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Syngnathoides biaculeatus (Alligator pipefish)
Syngnathoides biaculeatus
Male picture by Adams, M.J.

Classificatie / Names Lokale namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Syngnathoides: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, gnathos = jaw (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

marien rifbewoner; standvastig; diepte 0 - 10 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 32°N - 32°S

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystemen | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and Knysna, South Africa (Ref. 4281) to Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to New South Wales.

Lengte bij maturiteit / Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?, range 19 - ? cm
Max length : 29.0 cm TL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 4281)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 38-48; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 4. Variable green to brown or grey, depending on habitat (Ref. 48635).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

Occur in protected coastal shallows over or among algae, seagrasses (Ref. 41878), or floating weeds (Ref. 1602). Juveniles occasionally found near the surface (Ref. 4281). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The males carry the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205). Used in Chinese medicine to extract Hailong, one of the important drugs (Ref. 12206). Has been reared in captivity (Ref. 35416).

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).

Hoofdreferentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 26 August 2016

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Aquarium: Publieke aquaria
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 24.9 - 29.3, mean 28.4 °C (based on 3423 cells).
Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00036 (0.00016 - 0.00084), b=3.18 (2.99 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.6 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 1.3 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (Assuming annual Fec<1000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 107 [60, 197] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.784 [0.504, 1.251] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.7, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.121 [0.073, 0.212] g/100g ; Selenium = 44.8 [23.3, 91.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 38.8 [13.5, 109.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.35 [0.94, 1.92] mg/100g (wet weight);