";} } ?> Lethenteron alaskense, Alaskan brook lamprey

Lethenteron alaskense Vladykov & Kott, 1978

Alaskan brook lamprey
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Lethenteron alaskense
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> Petromyzontiformes (Lampreys) > Petromyzontidae (Northern lampreys) > Lampetrinae
Etymology: Lethenteron: Etymology not explained, perhaps lethalis (L.), lethal, or lethe (Gr.), forgetting or forgetfulness; enteron (Gr.) intestine, presumably referring to “degenerate and non-functional” intestine of adult L. appendix. (See ETYFish);  alaskense: -ensis, Latin suffix denoting place: Alaska (USA), where type locality (West Creek, a tributary of Brooks Lake) is situated. (See ETYFish).

Issue
Provisionally considered to be a junior synonym of Lethenteron kessleri (Anikin, 1905) (in Ref. 125650).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoet water demersaal; potamodroom (Ref. 43939). Temperate

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystemen | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

North America: Alaska and Kenai peninsulas to Chatanika and Chena rivers near Fairbanks; Martin River, Mackenzie River basin, Northwest Territories.

Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.8 cm TL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 43939)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Adult preserved specimens gray-brown dorsally, white ventrally, with a dark blotch on 2nd dorsal fin; tail dark. Teeth on disk blunt and weakly cornified. Tongue teeth poorly developed and blunt. Typical length 12-17 cm TL (Ref. 43939). Trunk myomeres 66-72 (Ref. 43938, 89241). Other adult diagnostic features: 12.2-18.8 cm TL. Body proportions, as percentage of TL (based on 68 specimens measuring 12.2-18.8 cm TL): prebranchial length, 9.3-14.9; branchial length, 8.7?11.6; trunk length, 45.4-53.5; tail length, 25.7-33.5; eye length, 1.7-3.2; disc length, 3.8-7.3. Urogenital papilla length, as a percentage of branchial length, in a 14.1 cm TL spawning male, 26.9. The shape of the second dorsal fin in spawning males is arch-like and in females triangular. Dentition: supraoral lamina, 2 unicuspid teeth (1 of 34 specimens had 2 additional small unicuspid teeth on the bridge); infraoral lamina, 6-11 teeth, the lateralmost one on each side unicuspid or bicuspid and the internal ones unicuspid; 3 endolaterals on each side; endolateral formula, 2-2-2; 3 rows of anterials; first row of anterials, 3-5 unicuspid teeth; total number of anterials, 23-38 unicuspid teeth; exolaterals absent or one or two unicuspid exolaterals present in each lateral field, exceptionally, one complete row of exolaterals on each side; single row of posterials, 17-24 unicuspid teeth; transverse lingual lamina, 9-15 unicuspid teeth, the median one greatly enlarged; longitudinal lingual laminae each with 6-13 unicuspid teeth. Velar tentacles, 5-7, with tubercles and with the single median tentacle shorter than the lateral tentacles immediately next to it. Body coloration (preserved) in mature adults is gray brown on the upper surface and flanks and whitish on the lower surface. Lateral line neuromasts unpigmented. Gular region unpigmented (2 of 64 specimens had weak pigmentation). Second dorsal fin with a dark blotch near the apex (4 of 64 specimens did not have a blotch). Extent of caudal fin pigmentation, 1% to <25% (17% of specimens), 25% to <75% (36%) or, 75% or more (46%). Caudal fin shape, spade-like. Oral papillae, 18 (Ref. 89241).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

Freshwater, in creeks and rivers (Ref. 89241). A non-parasitic lamprey. At about 4 years of age transforms from ammocoete in fall, moves downstream into lakes over winter; spawns the following spring and summer in shallow of lakes and rivers (Ref. 43939). Spawning period between 11 June and 25 September in Naknek River Basin, Alaska. Fecundity, 2,188-3,477 eggs/female. Egg length, 0.9 mm (Ref. 89241).

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

Hoofdreferentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Mecklenburg, C.W., T.A. Mecklenburg and L.K. Thorsteinson, 2002. Fishes of Alaska. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. xxxvii +1037 p. (Ref. 43939)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Onvoldoende gegevens (DD) ; Date assessed: 21 February 2012

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

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Estimates based on models

Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00126 (0.00057 - 0.00280), b=2.99 (2.80 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 4,5-14 jaar (tm=tmax=5).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100).