Lớp phụ Cá sụn (cá mập và cá đuối) (sharks and rays)
(Stingrays) > Potamotrygonidae
(River stingrays) > Potamotrygoninae
Etymology: Potamotrygon: Greek, potamos = river + Greek, trygon = a sting ray (Ref. 45335); amandae: Named for Amanda Lucas Gimeno, who was an undergraduate colleague of the first author..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sinh thái học
; Nước ngọt Sống nổi và đáy. Tropical
South America: Paraná-Paraguay basin.
Bộ gần gũi / Khối lượng (Trọng lượng) / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.2 cm WD con đực/không giới tính; (Ref. 95047); 34.1 cm WD (female)
Hình thái học | Sinh trắc học
Động vật có xương sống: 113 - 129. Distinguished from other species of the genus of Potamotrygon in the Paraná-Paraguay basin, except P. motoro and P. pantanensis, by its predominantly grayish or dark brown dorsal background color usually with bicolored ocelli on dorsal disc (vs. lacking ocelli in P. falkneri, P. histrix, P. schuhmacheri, and P. brachyura; some specimens of P. amandae without ocelli and have a uniform dark brown or gray dorsal color). Can be diagnosed from P. motoro and P. pantanensis by having the following combination of characters: dorsal background predominantly grayish or dark brown (P. motoro with dorsal disc background color gray, dark gray, olive, olivaceous brown, or dark brown, and P. pantanensis with dorsal disc background brown); ocelli, when present, with two colors, with a whitish, light gray or light yellow central area surrounded by a black peripheral ring (tricolored ocelli with a peripheral dark ring, yellowish or orange center and with an intermediate band in P. motoro; bicolored ocelli with a beige, orange or dark yellow central area surrounded by a peripheral black ring in P. pantanensis); ventral disc grayish, covering almost all of ventral disc (ventral color predominantly whitish over central disc in P. motoro and P. pantanensis); dermal denticles differ from P. motoro due to their smaller size and without developed coronal plates in P. amandae and from P. pantanensis due to their distribution over almost entire dorsal side of disc (in P. motoroand P. pantanensis, dermal denticles do not cover almost entire dorsal disc); greater spiracular length compared to P. motoro and P. pantanensis, with mean 10.1% DW (ranging from 8.2 to 12.8% DW), whereas in P. motoro spiracular mean length is 8.0% DW (ranging from 6.7 to 9.8% DW), and in P. pantanensis mean spiraclular length is 8.7% DW (ranging from 7.6 to 9.6% DW); relatively longer tail, with tail length averaging 82.1% DW, whereas mean tail length is 78.5% DW in P. motoro and 73.4% DW in P. pantanensis; tail relatively more slender in P. amandae, with mean tail width 11.0% DW (ranging from 7.2 to 13.6% DW), whereas in P. motoro and P. pantanensis mean tail width is, respectively, 13.4% DW and 13.2% DW (ranging from 10.5 to 14.8% and 11.2 to 15.5% DW, respectively); frontoparietal fontanelle of neurocranium constricted at midlength (unconstricted in P. motoro and P. pantanensis), and postorbital process clearly more developed than in P. motoro and P. pantanensis; anterior angular cartilage with its medial portion at articulation with Meckel’s cartilages highly curved (J-shaped), and much greater than posterior angular cartilage (both angular cartilages subequal in P. motoro, and P. pantanensis with anterior angular cartilage rather straight, not J-shaped) (Ref. 95047).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Chín muồi sinh dục | Sự tái sinh sản | Đẻ trứng | Các trứng | Sự sinh sản | Ấu trùng
Loboda, T.S. and M.R. de Carvalho, 2013. Systematic revision of the Potamotrygon motoro (Müller & Henle, 1841) species coplex in the Paraná-Paraguay basin, with description of two new ocellated species (Chondrichthyes: Myliobatiformes: Potamotrygonidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol/ 11(4):693-737. (Ref. 95047)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Thêm thông tin
Age/SizeSự sinh trưởngLength-weightLength-lengthLength-frequenciesSinh trắc họcHình thái họcẤu trùngSự biến động ấu trùngBổ xungSự phong phúBRUVS
Các tài liệu tham khảoNuôi trồng thủy sảnTổng quan nuôi trồng thủy sảnCác giốngDi truyềnTần số alenDi sảnCác bệnhChế biếnNutrientsMass conversion
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Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Mức dinh dưỡng (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (58 of 100).