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Marcusenius gracilis Kramer, 2013

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drawing shows typical species in Mormyridae.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) > Mormyridae (Elephantfishes)
Etymology: Marcusenius: Becasue of J. Marcusen, author of "Zur Phauna des Schwarzen Meeres", 1867; ichthyologist;  gracilis: Marcusenius gracilis is more slender than the other Ivorian and many of the West African Marcusenius species, hence its specific name gracilis (Ref. 93659).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 底中水层性.

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Africa: Comoé River (Ref. 93659).

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.1 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 93659)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 26-30; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 31 - 35. Diagnosis: Marcusenius gracilis has notched teeth (Ref. 93659). A much smaller dorsal to anal fin base ratio distinguishes Marcusenius thomasi from M. gracilis, being 0.7 vs. 0.79; M. mento is characterized by a higher number of lateral line scales, more than 76 vs. less than 77 for M. gracilis; M. ussheri differs by its lower number of lateral line scales, less than 65 vs. more than 70 in M. gracilis, its smaller pectoral fin length to head ratio, which is less than 0.9, and its usually deeper caudal peduncle, the ratio caudal peduncle depth to length less than 0.3 vs. more than 0.32 in M. gracilis (Ref. 93659). Marcusenius furcidens is distinguished by a combination of its higher count of dorsal fin rays, being more than 29 vs. less than 30 in M. gracilis, a longer dorsal fin, a higher ratio of dorsal to anal fin base, being 0.78, and a greater body depth; males of M. furcidens have no distinct kink in the anal fin base, in contrast to the males of M. gracilis; relative to the P phase of its EOD, M. furcidens EODs have a stronger N phase amplitude than those of M. gracilis (Ref. 93659).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in a series of stagnant pools; some pools were quite deep and inhabitated by hippos who could dive; the river banks were high and steep, and difficult to climb when wet, revealing high water and violent current at some times in the year (Ref. 93659).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼


主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Kramer, B., 2013. Differentiation in morphology and electrical signalling in four species of para- and sympatric Marcusenius (Teleostei: Mormyridae) from Côte d’Ivoire, West Africa. Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology, 46(2):105-133. (Ref. 93659)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  不评价 

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

 





人类利用

渔业:
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00246 - 0.01284), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100).