Peprilus crenulatus

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Peprilus crenulatus Cuvier, 1829

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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Peprilus crenulatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Peprilus crenulatus
Picture by Rotundo, M.M.

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> Scombriformes (Mackerels) > Stromateidae (Butterfishes)
Etymology: Peprilus: Greek, peprilos, paprax, certain fish from Tracia.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

marien; brak water; diepte 13 - 136 m (Ref. 116249). Tropical

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Western Atlantic: French Guiana and Argentina

Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 118626); max. gepubliceerd gewicht: 66.80 g (Ref. 118626)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 3 - 5; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 39-45; Anale stekels 3-4; Anale zachte stralen: 36 - 41; Wervels: 28 - 29. This species is distinguished from its congeners (except P. xanthurus) by having the following characters: precaudal vertebrae 11?12 (vs. 13 or more, rarely 12); total vertebrae 28?29 (vs. 30 or more in P. medius, P. ovatus, P. simillimus and P. snyderi); body height 58.5?79.0% SL (vs. 33.0?52.% SL in P. burti, P. simillimus, P. snyderi, P. ovatus and P. triacanthus); without series of pores along the front half of body under the dorsal fin (vs. 17?25 in P. triacanthus); a moderately falcate dorsal fin (vs. not falcate in P. triacanthus, or conspicuously falcate in P. paru); specimens larger than 9.0 cm SL, has an extremely falcate anal fin (vs. not falcate or moderately falcate in P. burti, P. simillimus, P. snyderi, P. ovatus and P. triacanthus); further distinguished from sympatric P. xanthurus by the lack of a conspicuous dark spot over the eyes, from snout to nape (vs. a conspicuous dark spot over the eyes, especially distinct in fresh specimens); in specimens smaller than 11.0 cm SL, orbital diameter is 1.6?5.0 in anal-fin height (vs. 5.1?8.0); in specimens larger than 10.9 cm SL, orbital diameter is 3.2?5.2 in anal-fin height (vs. 5.5?9.2), 2.9?3.8 in pectoral-fin height (vs. 3.9?5.9), and 0.8?1.4 in post-orbital length (vs. 1.5?2.3); further distinguished from P. paru by having a moderately long to short dorsal fin and relatively long caudal fin lobe, with length of lower lobe more than 1.2 times the length of the dorsal fin (vs. 1.2 times the length or less) (Ref. 116249).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

Occurs in estuarine and coastal marine waters at depths of up to 136 meters. Probably does not form large schools for though it is common in the catches of artisanal fisheries (notably in Brazil), it is always in small numbers (Ref. 116249).

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

Hoofdreferentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Marceniuk, A.P., R. Caires and R. Siccha-Ramirez, 2016. Review of the harvestfishes, genus Peprilus (Perciformes: Stromateidae), of the Atlantic coast of South America. Zootaxa 4098 (2):311-332. (Ref. 116249)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

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Estimates based on models

Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00935 - 0.02687), b=2.93 (2.79 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).