Peprilus crenulatus

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Peprilus crenulatus Cuvier, 1829

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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Peprilus crenulatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Peprilus crenulatus
Picture by Rotundo, M.M.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Scombriformes (Mackerels) > Stromateidae (Butterfishes)
Etymology: Peprilus: Greek, peprilos, paprax, certain fish from Tracia.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

seewasser; brackwasser; tiefenbereich 13 - 136 m (Ref. 116249). Tropical

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: French Guiana and Argentina

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 118626); max. veröff. Gewicht: 66.80 g (Ref. 118626)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 3 - 5; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 39-45; Afterflossenstacheln 3-4; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 36 - 41; Wirbelzahl: 28 - 29. This species is distinguished from its congeners (except P. xanthurus) by having the following characters: precaudal vertebrae 11?12 (vs. 13 or more, rarely 12); total vertebrae 28?29 (vs. 30 or more in P. medius, P. ovatus, P. simillimus and P. snyderi); body height 58.5?79.0% SL (vs. 33.0?52.% SL in P. burti, P. simillimus, P. snyderi, P. ovatus and P. triacanthus); without series of pores along the front half of body under the dorsal fin (vs. 17?25 in P. triacanthus); a moderately falcate dorsal fin (vs. not falcate in P. triacanthus, or conspicuously falcate in P. paru); specimens larger than 9.0 cm SL, has an extremely falcate anal fin (vs. not falcate or moderately falcate in P. burti, P. simillimus, P. snyderi, P. ovatus and P. triacanthus); further distinguished from sympatric P. xanthurus by the lack of a conspicuous dark spot over the eyes, from snout to nape (vs. a conspicuous dark spot over the eyes, especially distinct in fresh specimens); in specimens smaller than 11.0 cm SL, orbital diameter is 1.6?5.0 in anal-fin height (vs. 5.1?8.0); in specimens larger than 10.9 cm SL, orbital diameter is 3.2?5.2 in anal-fin height (vs. 5.5?9.2), 2.9?3.8 in pectoral-fin height (vs. 3.9?5.9), and 0.8?1.4 in post-orbital length (vs. 1.5?2.3); further distinguished from P. paru by having a moderately long to short dorsal fin and relatively long caudal fin lobe, with length of lower lobe more than 1.2 times the length of the dorsal fin (vs. 1.2 times the length or less) (Ref. 116249).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Occurs in estuarine and coastal marine waters at depths of up to 136 meters. Probably does not form large schools for though it is common in the catches of artisanal fisheries (notably in Brazil), it is always in small numbers (Ref. 116249).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Marceniuk, A.P., R. Caires and R. Siccha-Ramirez, 2016. Review of the harvestfishes, genus Peprilus (Perciformes: Stromateidae), of the Atlantic coast of South America. Zootaxa 4098 (2):311-332. (Ref. 116249)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Internet Quellen

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gattung, Arten | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Genom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationale Datenbanken | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Gehe zu, Suchen | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00935 - 0.02687), b=2.93 (2.79 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).