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Peprilus xanthurus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)

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Peprilus xanthurus
Picture by Rotundo, M.M.

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> Scombriformes (Mackerels) > Stromateidae (Butterfishes)
Etymology: Peprilus: Greek, peprilos, paprax, certain fish from Tracia.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

marien; diepte ? - 95 m (Ref. 116249). Subtropical; 11°N - 38°S (Ref. 116249)

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Western Atlantic: from Venezuela (isla Margarita) to Argentina.

Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.4 cm SL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 116249)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 3 - 4; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 39-47; Anale stekels 2-3; Anale zachte stralen: 36 - 42; Wervels: 28 - 31. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: in fresh specimens, with a conspicuous dark spot over the eyes, from snout to nape (vs. indistinct marking); pre-caudal vertebrae 11-12 (vs. 13 or more, rarely 12 except P. xanthurus); total vertebrae 28-29 (vs. 30 or more in P. medius, P. ovatus, P. simillimus, P. snyderi); body height 58.5?74.1% SL (vs. 33.0?52% SL in P. burti, P. ovatus, P. simillimus, P. snyderi, P. triacanthus); dorsal fin moderately falcate (vs. not falcate in P. triacanthus, or conspicuously falcate in P. paru); anal fin falcate (vs. not falcate in P. simillimus, P. ovatus, P. snyderi, P. burti, P. triacanthus); front half of the body under the dorsal fin without series of pores (vs. 17?25 conspicuous pores in P. triacanthus); differs from sympatric P. crenulatus by having an orbital diameter of 1.6?5.0 in anal-fin height (vs. 5.1-8.0) for individuals smaller than 11.0 cm SL and 3.2-5.2 (vs. 5.5-9.2) for specimens larger than 10.9 cm SL; orbital diameter 3.2-3.8 in pectoral-fin height (vs. 3.9-5.9), in the specimens larger than 10.9 cm SL; and orbital diameter 1.1-1.4, rarely 1.5 in post-orbital length (vs. 1.5-2.3) (Ref. 116249).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

Hoofdreferentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Marceniuk, A.P., R. Caires and R. Siccha-Ramirez, 2016. Review of the harvestfishes, genus Peprilus (Perciformes: Stromateidae), of the Atlantic coast of South America. Zootaxa 4098 (2):311-332. (Ref. 116249)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00622 - 0.03361), b=3.00 (2.82 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (14 of 100).