Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Synaphobranchidae
(Cutthroat eels) > Ilyophinae
Etymology: Dysomma: Greek, dys, dyo = two + Greek, omma = eye; alticorpus: Name from Latin 'altus' for high and 'corpus' for body; referring to the relatively high body of this secies; noun in apposition..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 350 m (Ref. 119355). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea, Gulf of Aqaba, Israel.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 119355)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 115. This species is distinguished by the following characters: presence of pectoral fin; dorsal fin origin well anterior to the base of the pectoral fin, predorsal length 13.8% TL; anus anterior and slightly behind the level of the tip of the pectoral fin, preanal length 22.8% TL; trunk is very short, 4.1% TL; body is relatively high, depth at the gill opening 7.6% TL, depth at anus 7.8% TL; intermaxillary teeth 2; compound teeth on the vomer 3; ipper jaw with 4 rows of teeth; lower jaw with 1 row of 8 large compound teeth; head pores:IO 4, SO 3; M 6; POP 0; AD 1, F 0, ST 0; lateral-line pores: predorsal 4, prepectoral 8, preanal 14, total 57–58, the last at the posterior two-thirds of the total length; MVF 7-16-115, total vertebrae 115; colour of peritoneum whitish, dorsal and anal fin pale (Ref. 119355).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Fricke, R., D. Golani, B. Appelbaum-Golani and U. Zajonz, 2018. Dysomma alticorpus, a new species of cutthroat eel from the Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea (Teleostei: Synaphobranchidae). C. R. Biologies 341:111-119. (Ref. 119355)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100).