分類 / Names
俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(屬, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri > Perciformes/Gasterosteoidei
(Sticklebacks) 刺魚目 (Sticklebacks)
(Sticklebacks and tubesnouts) 刺魚科 (Sticklebacks and tubesnouts)
Etymology: Pungitius: Name meaning one that pricks; modestus: Named for its moderate behaviour where adults do not fight each other except during the reproductive season..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 淡水 底中水層性.
國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri
大小 / 重量 / 年齡
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.7 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 124673)
型態特徵 | 形態測量圖
背棘 (總數): 8 - 9; 背的軟條 (總數): 9-11; 臀棘 1; 臀鰭軟條: 7 - 9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D VIII-IX, 9-11; pectoral-fin rays 10; small unconnected lateral plates 30-32, running from just behind the dorsal end of the gill opening to the caudal peduncle; caudal peduncle with keel; dorsal-fin spine inclining atlernately to left and right of the mid-line; short spines on dorsal, 3.6% SL (2.7-4.9), anal 5.0% SL (4.1-6.0) and pelvic 5.0% SL (4.1-6.0) ; short base of spiny dorsal fin 28.7% SL (26.5-29.8); the first dorsal-fin spine is above slightly behind the pectoral-fin base; anal spine below the first (1st-3rd) dorsal-fin ray; ascending process of the pelvis is relatively developed and extending dorsally tot eh level of the dorsal-most actinost; antero-ventral process of ectocoracoid present, the left and right articulating with each other at the anterior end; membranes of dorsal-fin spines are colored dark brown with many pigments (Ref. 124673).
Occurs in small streams and ponds that are refreshed by abiundant cold spring water from the bottom with temperatures ca. 16°C year-round. This fish tends to hide in water grasses and usually remains still, suspended just above the bottom. The adults feed mainly on amphipods (e.g. Jesogammarus jesoensis) that are extremely abundant in the type locality. The larvae, on the other hand, feed on tubificids, while 30-day old juveniles on chrironomids and copepods. Breeding season peaks in May, with courtship behavior occurring at night, but may also be observed in the daytime. Reported observation stated that usually, females spawn at night between 21:00 and dawn (Ref. 124673).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | 卵 | 孕卵數 | 仔魚
Matsumoto, T., K. Matsuura and N. Hanzawa, 2021. A new species of nine-spined stickleback, Pungitius modestus (Gasterosteiformes, Gasterosteidae), from northern Honshu, Japan. Zootaxa 5005(1):1-20. (Ref. 124673)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.聲音神經毒速度泳型鰓區Otoliths腦重體重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00203 - 0.01078), b=3.04 (2.84 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
營養階層 (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).