Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Percopsiformes
(Trout-perches, pirate perches and cavef) > Amblyopsidae
Etymology: Speoplatyrhinus: Greek, speos = cave + Greek, platys = flat + Greek, rhinos = nose; literally : the great flattened nose of the cave (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C - ; 35°N - 34°N
North America: known only from Key Cave in Alabama, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 4.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
soft rays: 8 - 9. Long flat head constricted behind snout. White. No eyes. No pelvic fins. No branched fin rays; incised fin membranes. Caudal fin with 4 rows of papillae; 21-22 caudal rays ( all unbranched).
Adults inhabit subterranean water (Ref. 5723). Highly cave-adapted species. Eggs are carried in gill chambers of females (Ref. 205). Threatened by groundwater pollution from agriculture runoff (Ref. 10172).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Incubates eggs in gill chamber of females (Ref. 205).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0088 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .