Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Botiidae
(Pointface loaches) > Botiinae
Etymology: More on author: Smith.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.0 - 6.5; dH range: ? - 5. Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 2060)
Asia: Mekong, Chao Phraya and Meklong basins; northern Malay Peninsula.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30857)
Has 9-12 faint vertical bars with superimposed longitudinal rows of spots of different sizes; several longitudinal stripes on the head and the upper anterior part of the body; a black margin and 3 longitudinal rows of spots on the dorsal fin; several vertical rows of spots on the caudal fin (Ref. 27732); 9 branched dorsal-fin rays; erect ethmoid spine never perpendicular to snout when viewed from above; small mental lobe, lower lip without papillae (Ref. 12693).
Usually associated with clear water, swift current and stony to rocky substrate (Ref. 27732). Found in small and medium-sized rivers. Borrows in sand or digs holes under rocks. Enters the flooded forest during the high-water periods and returns to the rivers during November and December in the lower Mekong. Feeds on mollusks and crustaceans. Intolerant of nitrates, it rapidly disappears from areas where fertilizers are applied to crops. Occasionally seen in fish markets (Ref. 12693).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., 2004. Botia kubotai, a new species of loach (Teleostei: Cobitidae) from the Ataran River basin (Myanmar), with comments on botiine nomenclature and diagnosis of a new genus. Zootaxa 401:1-18. (Ref. 50472)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00257 - 0.01414), b=3.10 (2.90 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .