Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: rufus: Name from Latin ‘rufus’ meaning red; referring to the red color of fins of the new species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 1 - 5 m (Ref. 104747). Tropical
Asia: Kerala, India.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 104747)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. This species is distinguished from its relative species in having the following characters: higher body, with body depth at dorsal fin origin 39.2- 41.5 % SL and dorsal fin nearer to caudal fin base than snout tip and a little behind ventral origin; dorsal fin green and other fins red; predorsal scales 11-12; lateral line scales 30;scales between lateral line and dorsal fin base 6½ (Ref. 104747).
The type locality of this species in Manimal River at Venpala, is less than 50 m wide and 1- 5 m deep; bank height about 1 m with respect to the general water level in summer season. Sediments in this stretch are generally silty clays with occasional patches of sand. The channel bed is blanketed by mud dominated sediments. The stretch of this river is covered by moderately dense riparian vegetation (Ref. 104747).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Plamoottil, M., 2014. Puntius nelsoni, Systomus chryseus and S. rufus (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae), three new fish species from Kerala, India. Int'l J of Fauna and Biological Stud. 1(6):135-145. (Ref. 104747)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00523 - 0.02298), b=2.99 (2.81 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .