Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 300 m (Ref. 57881). Temperate; 25°N - 23°N, 120°E - 122°E (Ref. 114953)
Northwest Pacific: Taiwan and possibly Philippines.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 89.0 cm TL (female)
Primarily found offshore. Life history unknown. Size reaches at least 62 cm TL; born at ca. 20-25 cm TL (Ref. 114953).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Haas, D.L. and D.A. Ebert, 2006. Torpedo formosa sp. nov., a new species of electric ray (Chondrichthyes: Torpediniformes: Torpedinidae) from Taiwan. Zootaxa 1320:1-14. (Ref. 57881)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00785 - 0.03846), b=2.93 (2.74 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (56 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .