Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Trimma: Greek, trimma, -atos = something crushed (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 20 m (Ref. 57688). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aqaba to the islands of the western Indian Ocean as far south as Tulear, Madagascar; east to the Cargados Carajos shoals north of Mauritius
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11344)
This species is distinguished by having the following characters: with a frontal ridge that slopes variably (steeply, and with a ridge, to gradually, without a ridge) into the interorbital trench; postorbital trenches may be steep or shallow sided; posterior nasal opening adnate to eye; second spine of first dorsal fin occasionally elongate, third spine is not; eight or more elements in the second dorsal; fifth pelvic fin ray branched multiple times dichotomously, appearing bushy; 18 or more pectoral rays; scales on head; body color brown-red with five diffuse white vertical bars, between mid-peduncle to just anterior to origin of first dorsal; facial pattern with two white bars under orbit,
and one irregular white bar over vertical limb of the preopercle; a pair of thin fleshy lappets, half a pupil width apart, a quarter pupil width behind the frontal ridge, on either side of dorsal midline of the nape; epibranch of the first gill arch lacks gill rakers (Ref.57688).
Collected over coral reef flats rising above the rubble-sandy bottom (Ref. 57688).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Winterbottom, R., 1995. Red Sea gobiid fishes of the genus Trimma, with the description of two new species. Rev. Fr. Aquariol. 22(3-4):93-98. (Ref. 13694)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29.1, mean 27.5 °C (based on 537 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00454 - 0.02011), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 237 [113, 564] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.11 [0.60, 2.10] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [16.6, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.184 [0.086, 0.355] g/100g ; Selenium = 21.5 [10.0, 46.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 137 [37, 446] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.33 [1.38, 3.79] mg/100g (wet weight);