Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 1 - 10 m (Ref. 5299), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Ghana and Pagalu (Annobon Islands)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4343)
Occurs inshore, on rocks. Enters brackish and nearly fresh waters (Ref. 4343).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Maugé, L.A., 1986. Gobiidae. p. 358-388. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4343)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.2 - 28, mean 27.4 °C (based on 174 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00332 - 0.01511), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 971 [392, 2,018] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.83 [1.02, 4.02] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.1 [14.2, 17.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.441 [0.173, 1.082] g/100g ; Selenium = 41.6 [13.7, 105.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 40.9 [11.9, 131.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.91 [1.70, 4.83] mg/100g (wet weight);