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Scorpaena scrofa  Linnaeus, 1758

Red scorpionfish
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Scorpaena scrofa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scorpaena scrofa (Red scorpionfish)
Scorpaena scrofa
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Scorpaenidae (Scorpionfishes or rockfishes) > Scorpaeninae
Etymology: Scorpaena: Latin, scorpaena = a kind of fish, 1706 (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Linnaeus.

Miljö / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; marina; brackvatten bottenlevande; ej vandrande; djupintervall 20 - 500 m (Ref. 4510), usually ? - 150 m (Ref. 27000).   Subtropical; 60°N - 35°S, 26°W - 36°E

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: British Isles (rare) to Senegal including Madeira, the Canary Islands, and Cape Verde. Also throughout the Mediterranean except Black Sea. South African species thought to be the same as population in the northeast Atlantic (Ref. 4313).

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 4510); common length : 30.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 2683); publicerad maxvikt: 3.0 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 12; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 9; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 5. Dark spot often on spinous dorsal (Ref. 4313).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Solitary and sedentary over rocky, sandy or muddy bottoms. Feeds on fishes, crustaceans and mollusks (Ref.4570).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Hureau, J.-C. and N.I. Litvinenko, 1986. Scorpaenidae. p. 1211-1229. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol 3. (Ref. 4570)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 4690)




Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell; Akvarium: Offentliga akvarier
FAO(fiskeri: produktion; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
Förekomster
Utplanteringar
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Ekologi
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Födoslag
Födointag
Näringsinnehåll
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synonymer
Metabolik
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Ekotoxikologi
Reproduktion
Könsmognad
Lek
Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
referenser
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 11.1 - 18, mean 14.4 (based on 189 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.01075 - 0.01544), b=3.00 (2.96 - 3.04), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Låg, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 4,5-14 år (K=0.08).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.