Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Orthopristis: Greek, ortho = straight + Greek, pristis = saw (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 1 - 70 m (Ref. 9626). Tropical; 17°N - 29°S, 88°W - 34°W
Western Atlantic: Honduras to Brazil.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 15.6  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3798); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3798); max. published weight: 850.00 g (Ref. 9626)
soft rays: 10. Mouth small and moderately oblique, the maxilla not reaching posterior to front edge of eye; grayish brown with violet hues on the back, silvery on the sides, with many small brown-orange spots on head, upper half of body and dorsal fin (Ref. 13442).
Occurs in coastal waters, over sand, rock or mud bottoms (Ref. 13608). Juveniles found near the shore, associated with Thalassia beds (Ref. 9626). Also found in brackish water (Ref. 3798). Feeds on crustaceans, mollusks, polychaete worms, fishes, and other invertebrates (Ref. 9626). Well appreciated as a food fish; marketed fresh and salted (Ref. 5217).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Courtenay, W.R. and H.F. Sahlman, 1978. Pomadasyidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Central Atlantic (Fishing Area 31), Volume 4. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.9 - 28, mean 25.7 °C (based on 530 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.01103 - 0.01436), b=2.98 (2.94 - 3.02), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.3).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 187 [98, 335] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.13 [0.64, 2.05] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [15.7, 19.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.492 [0.220, 1.019] g/100g ; Selenium = 66.6 [30.7, 138.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 21.3 [9.3, 50.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.35 [0.81, 2.04] mg/100g (wet weight);