Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Scardinius: A range of lofty mountains, Scardus, forming the boundary between Moesia and Macedonia.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 39°N - 38°N, 21°E - 22°E
Europe: Lower Acheloos drainage including lakes in Greece.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 14 - 18 cm
Max length : 35.4 cm TL (female); max. reported age: 11 years (Ref. 58506)
Morphology | Morphometrics
The following unique characters distinguished this species from its congeners in Balkan Peninsula: a dark midlateral stripe in juveniles less than about 7 cm SL and 37- 42 + 2-3 scales along the lateral line. Can be further separated from other species of the genus in Balkan Peninsula by the combination of the following characters: anal fin usually with 10½ branched rays; 13-16 pectoral rays; 12-17 gill rakers; dorsal head profile conspicuously concave, snout pointing upward, tip above level of middle of eye; eye close to or flush with dorsal head profile when viewed laterally; articulation of lower jaw in front of eye margin; and head length 24-30% SL (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits lakes and large rivers. Early larvae and juveniles often form large schools and frequently in association with Tropidophoxinellus hellenicus. Juveniles feed on phytoplankton while adults on macrophytes. Spawns in March-July. Lays adhesive eggs on vegetation which hatch in 5 days (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00667 - 0.00824), b=3.14 (3.11 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tmax=11; K=0.11-0.16).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .