Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes
(Silversides) > Atherinopsidae
(Neotropical silversides) > Atherinopsinae
Etymology: Atherinopsis: Greek, atherina, the Greek name for the eperlane; 1770 + Greek,ops = appearance (Ref. 45335). More on author: Girard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range - 30 m (Ref. 37955), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 46°N - 22°N, 129°W - 110°W
Eastern Pacific: Yaquina Bay in Oregon, USA to southwestern coast of Baja California, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9273); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9273); max. reported age: 11 years (Ref. 56049)
Adults inhabit inshore areas, including bays (Ref. 2850). Form schools (Ref. 2850). Demersal spawners in nearshore habitats (Ref. 56049). Oviparous, with planktonic, primarily neustonic larvae (Ref. 36497). Eggs are attached to one another by spawning substrate via adhesive filaments (Ref. 36497). Sold fresh (Ref. 2850).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12.8 - 24.2, mean 20.7 °C (based on 122 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00392 - 0.01338), b=3.01 (2.84 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.3 ±0.21 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2.5; Fec = 6,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 94.4 [48.9, 198.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.75 [1.02, 2.94] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.9 [17.5, 22.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.26 [0.10, 0.58] g/100g ; Selenium = 27.6 [13.6, 59.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 6.54 [1.87, 20.81] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.2 [0.8, 1.8] mg/100g (wet weight);