Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Xenocyprididae
(East Asian minnows)
Etymology: Macrochirichthys: Greek, makros = great + Greek, cheir = hand + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Asia: Thailand to Viet Nam and Indonesia (Ref. 7050). Known from the Mekong and Chao Phraya basins (Ref. 26580).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7050); common length : 35.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2686)
soft rays: 25 - 27. Head upturned; no barbels; belly with sharp keel from throat to anus (Ref. 43281). Body strongly compressed; dorsal profile flat except concave nape. Mouth directed upward. Pectoral fins elongated. Base of caudal fin with black blotch (Ref. 4792). Lower jaw protruded, tip of it hooked and inlaid into gap of upper jaw; scales minute and irregularly arranged (Ref. 45563).
Found in large rivers and lakes at medium to shallow depths. Juveniles feed on insects while adults on fish (Ref. 12693). Move towards the flooded forest when the water is high and returns to the river as soon as the water level starts to subside (Ref. 12693). Good flesh but fairly soft and with numerous bones. In Laos, it is usually grilled, simmered with padek and made into Ponne pa. Usually marketed fresh and probably exported to Thailand (Ref. 12693). Widely distributed but greatly reduced in numbers probably throughout its range. Extremely sensitive to gillnetting and perhaps also to pollution (Ref. 12369).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Rainboth, W.J., 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 p. (Ref. 12693)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00268 - 0.01234), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.57 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 118 [68, 222] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.01 [0.66, 1.63] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.1 [16.2, 18.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.243 [0.127, 0.465] g/100g ; Selenium = 67.6 [26.4, 149.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 107 [40, 289] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.3 [0.9, 1.9] mg/100g (wet weight);