Oreochromis mossambicus was reported from 111 countries/islands


Table 1: the species is currently present in 100 of them (endemic, native, introduced);
Table 2: possible in 2 of them (stray, questionable);
Table 3: absent from 9 of them (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: all reports listed together.

Distribution: Africa: Lower Zambezi, Lower Shiré and coastal plains from Zambezi delta to Algoa Bay. Occurs southwards to the Brak River in the eastern Cape and in the Transvaal in the Limpopo system (Ref. 6465). Widely introduced for aquaculture, but escaped and established itself in the wild in many countries, often outcompeting local species (Ref. 12217). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.
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Table 1: Present in 100 countries/islands (endemic, native, introduced)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Oceania American Samoa ASM introduced 592
Asia Andaman Is. ANI introduced 87596
Africa Angola AGO introduced 2
North America Antigua Barbuda ATG introduced 26042
Oceania Australia AUS introduced 44894
North America Bahamas BHS introduced 26362
Asia Bangladesh BGD introduced 1479
North America Barbados BRB introduced 13364
Africa Benin BEN introduced 13364
South America Bolivia BOL introduced 1739
Africa Botswana BWA native 52847
South America Brazil BRA introduced 1739
Asia Cambodia KHM introduced 12228
Oceania Caroline I. CRL introduced 5198
Asia China CHN introduced 55380
South America Colombia COL introduced 1739
Africa Congo COG introduced 13686
Africa Congo Dem Rp COD introduced 1739
Oceania Cook Is. COK introduced 1739
North America Costa Rica CRI introduced 57449
Africa Cote d'Ivoire CIV introduced 27519
North America Cuba CUB introduced 1739
North America Dominica DMA introduced 1739
North America Dominican Rp DOM introduced 1739
Africa Egypt EGY introduced 1739
North America El Salvador SLV introduced 1739
Oceania Fiji FJI introduced 6366
Oceania French Polynesia PYF introduced 12792
North America Grenada GRD introduced 1739
North America Guadeloupe GLP introduced 91643
Oceania Guam GUM introduced 5198
North America Guatemala GTM introduced 1739
South America Guyana GUY introduced 1739
North America Haiti HTI introduced 1739
Oceania Hawaii HWI introduced 5360
North America Honduras HND introduced 1739
Asia Hong Kong HKG introduced 1739
Asia India IND introduced 4833
Asia Indonesia IDN introduced 7050
North America Jamaica JAM introduced 57448
Asia Japan JPN introduced 559
Asia Jordan JOR introduced 74657
Africa Kenya KEN introduced 52331
Oceania Kiribati KIR introduced 1739
Asia Laos LAO introduced 1739
Africa Lesotho LSO native 88
Africa Madagascar MDG introduced 26236
Africa Malawi MWI native 88
Asia Malaysia MYS introduced 34011
Asia Maldives MDV introduced 13686
North America Martinique MTQ introduced 1739
North America Mexico MEX introduced 27639
Oceania Micronesia FSM introduced 5198
Africa Mozambique MOZ native 13332
Asia Myanmar MMR introduced 58843
Africa Namibia NAM introduced 13364
Oceania Nauru NRU introduced 1739
Asia Nepal NPL introduced 9496
North America Neth Antilles ANT introduced 46658
Oceania New Caledonia NCL introduced 13235
North America Nicaragua NIC introduced 1739
Oceania Niue NIU introduced 1739
Oceania North Marianas MNP introduced 1739
Asia Pakistan PAK introduced 52665
North America Panama PAN introduced 1739
Oceania Papua New Guinea PNG introduced 2847
South America Peru PER introduced 1739
Asia Philippines PHL introduced 6096
North America Puerto Rico PRI introduced 13498
Africa Réunion REU introduced 57749
Europe Russia RUS introduced 75639
Oceania Samoa WSM introduced 592
Asia Saudi Arabia SAU introduced 13364
Africa Seychelles SYC introduced 13686
Asia Singapore SGP introduced 51823
Oceania Solomon Is. SLB introduced 1739
Africa South Africa ZAF native 13332
Asia Sri Lanka LKA introduced 6028
North America St Lucia LCA introduced 1739
South America Suriname SUR introduced 26372
Africa Swaziland SWZ native 88
Oceania Tahiti TIT introduced 12792
Asia Taiwan TWN introduced 1739
Asia Thailand THA introduced 1739
Asia Timor-Leste TLS introduced 78572
Oceania Tonga TON introduced 1739
North America Trinidad Tobago TTO introduced 11225
Africa Tunisia TUN introduced 1739
Asia Turkey TUR introduced 57271
Oceania Tuvalu TUV introduced 5198
Africa Uganda UGA introduced 1739
Oceania US Minor Is. UMI introduced 6349
North America USA USA introduced 1739
Oceania Vanuatu VUT introduced 1739
South America Venezuela VEN introduced 57447
Asia Viet Nam VNM introduced 1739
North America Virgin Is. (US) VIR introduced 26180
Oceania Wallis Futuna WLF introduced 1739
Asia Yemen YEM introduced 57423
Africa Zimbabwe ZWE native 13337

Table 2: Possible in 2 countries/islands (stray, questionable)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Africa Mayotte MYT questionable 79840
Africa Senegal SEN questionable 57419

Table 3: Absent from 9 countries/islands (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Africa Algeria DZA not established 1739
South America Argentina ARG not established 13686
South America Ecuador ECU not established 3
Europe France FRA not established 57960
Asia Israel ISR not established 1739
Asia Korea (South) KOR not established 1739
Europe Malta MLT not established 1739
Africa Tanzania TZA not established 118638
Africa Zambia ZMB misidentification 5166

Table 4: Reported from 111 countries/islands.
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Africa Algeria DZA not established 1739
Oceania American Samoa ASM introduced 592
Asia Andaman Is. ANI introduced 87596
Africa Angola AGO introduced 2
North America Antigua Barbuda ATG introduced 26042
South America Argentina ARG not established 13686
Oceania Australia AUS introduced 44894
North America Bahamas BHS introduced 26362
Asia Bangladesh BGD introduced 1479
North America Barbados BRB introduced 13364
Africa Benin BEN introduced 13364
South America Bolivia BOL introduced 1739
Africa Botswana BWA native 52847
South America Brazil BRA introduced 1739
Asia Cambodia KHM introduced 12228
Oceania Caroline I. CRL introduced 5198
Asia China CHN introduced 55380
South America Colombia COL introduced 1739
Africa Congo COG introduced 13686
Africa Congo Dem Rp COD introduced 1739
Oceania Cook Is. COK introduced 1739
North America Costa Rica CRI introduced 57449
Africa Cote d'Ivoire CIV introduced 27519
North America Cuba CUB introduced 1739
North America Dominica DMA introduced 1739
North America Dominican Rp DOM introduced 1739
South America Ecuador ECU not established 3
Africa Egypt EGY introduced 1739
North America El Salvador SLV introduced 1739
Oceania Fiji FJI introduced 6366
Europe France FRA not established 57960
Oceania French Polynesia PYF introduced 12792
North America Grenada GRD introduced 1739
North America Guadeloupe GLP introduced 91643
Oceania Guam GUM introduced 5198
North America Guatemala GTM introduced 1739
South America Guyana GUY introduced 1739
North America Haiti HTI introduced 1739
Oceania Hawaii HWI introduced 5360
North America Honduras HND introduced 1739
Asia Hong Kong HKG introduced 1739
Asia India IND introduced 4833
Asia Indonesia IDN introduced 7050
Asia Israel ISR not established 1739
North America Jamaica JAM introduced 57448
Asia Japan JPN introduced 559
Asia Jordan JOR introduced 74657
Africa Kenya KEN introduced 52331
Oceania Kiribati KIR introduced 1739
Asia Korea (South) KOR not established 1739
Asia Laos LAO introduced 1739
Africa Lesotho LSO native 88
Africa Madagascar MDG introduced 26236
Africa Malawi MWI native 88
Asia Malaysia MYS introduced 34011
Asia Maldives MDV introduced 13686
Europe Malta MLT not established 1739
North America Martinique MTQ introduced 1739
Africa Mayotte MYT questionable 79840
North America Mexico MEX introduced 27639
Oceania Micronesia FSM introduced 5198
Africa Mozambique MOZ native 13332
Asia Myanmar MMR introduced 58843
Africa Namibia NAM introduced 13364
Oceania Nauru NRU introduced 1739
Asia Nepal NPL introduced 9496
North America Neth Antilles ANT introduced 46658
Oceania New Caledonia NCL introduced 13235
North America Nicaragua NIC introduced 1739
Oceania Niue NIU introduced 1739
Oceania North Marianas MNP introduced 1739
Asia Pakistan PAK introduced 52665
North America Panama PAN introduced 1739
Oceania Papua New Guinea PNG introduced 2847
South America Peru PER introduced 1739
Asia Philippines PHL introduced 6096
North America Puerto Rico PRI introduced 13498
Africa Réunion REU introduced 57749
Europe Russia RUS introduced 75639
Oceania Samoa WSM introduced 592
Asia Saudi Arabia SAU introduced 13364
Africa Senegal SEN questionable 57419
Africa Seychelles SYC introduced 13686
Asia Singapore SGP introduced 51823
Oceania Solomon Is. SLB introduced 1739
Africa South Africa ZAF native 13332
Asia Sri Lanka LKA introduced 6028
North America St Lucia LCA introduced 1739
South America Suriname SUR introduced 26372
Africa Swaziland SWZ native 88
Oceania Tahiti TIT introduced 12792
Asia Taiwan TWN introduced 1739
Africa Tanzania TZA not established 118638
Asia Thailand THA introduced 1739
Asia Timor-Leste TLS introduced 78572
Oceania Tonga TON introduced 1739
North America Trinidad Tobago TTO introduced 11225
Africa Tunisia TUN introduced 1739
Asia Turkey TUR introduced 57271
Oceania Tuvalu TUV introduced 5198
Africa Uganda UGA introduced 1739
Oceania US Minor Is. UMI introduced 6349
North America USA USA introduced 1739
Oceania Vanuatu VUT introduced 1739
South America Venezuela VEN introduced 57447
Asia Viet Nam VNM introduced 1739
North America Virgin Is. (US) VIR introduced 26180
Oceania Wallis Futuna WLF introduced 1739
Asia Yemen YEM introduced 57423
Africa Zambia ZMB misidentification 5166
Africa Zimbabwe ZWE native 13337
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The map in this page was supported by BioFresh that has received funding from the
European Union's Seventh Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement No 226874

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