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Marcusenius gracilis Kramer, 2013

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drawing shows typical species in Mormyridae.

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes(Género, Especie) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) > Mormyridae (Elephantfishes)
Etymology: Marcusenius: Becasue of J. Marcusen, author of "Zur Phauna des Schwarzen Meeres", 1867; ichthyologist;  gracilis: Marcusenius gracilis is more slender than the other Ivorian and many of the West African Marcusenius species, hence its specific name gracilis (Ref. 93659).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecología

; agua dulce bentopelágico. Tropical

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Africa: Comoé River (Ref. 93659).

Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.1 cm SL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 93659)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 0; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 26-30; Espinas anales 0; Radios blandos anales: 31 - 35. Diagnosis: Marcusenius gracilis has notched teeth (Ref. 93659). A much smaller dorsal to anal fin base ratio distinguishes Marcusenius thomasi from M. gracilis, being 0.7 vs. 0.79; M. mento is characterized by a higher number of lateral line scales, more than 76 vs. less than 77 for M. gracilis; M. ussheri differs by its lower number of lateral line scales, less than 65 vs. more than 70 in M. gracilis, its smaller pectoral fin length to head ratio, which is less than 0.9, and its usually deeper caudal peduncle, the ratio caudal peduncle depth to length less than 0.3 vs. more than 0.32 in M. gracilis (Ref. 93659). Marcusenius furcidens is distinguished by a combination of its higher count of dorsal fin rays, being more than 29 vs. less than 30 in M. gracilis, a longer dorsal fin, a higher ratio of dorsal to anal fin base, being 0.78, and a greater body depth; males of M. furcidens have no distinct kink in the anal fin base, in contrast to the males of M. gracilis; relative to the P phase of its EOD, M. furcidens EODs have a stronger N phase amplitude than those of M. gracilis (Ref. 93659).

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Found in a series of stagnant pools; some pools were quite deep and inhabitated by hippos who could dive; the river banks were high and steep, and difficult to climb when wet, revealing high water and violent current at some times in the year (Ref. 93659).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador | Colaboradores

Kramer, B., 2013. Differentiation in morphology and electrical signalling in four species of para- and sympatric Marcusenius (Teleostei: Mormyridae) from Côte d’Ivoire, West Africa. Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology, 46(2):105-133. (Ref. 93659)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesquerías:
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Más información

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Ecología
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componentes alimenticios
consumo de alimento
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Fuentes de Internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Género, Especie | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Árbol de la vida | Wikipedia: Go, búsqueda | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Expediente Zoológico

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00246 - 0.01284), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliencia (Ref. 120179):  Alto, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo inferior a 15 meses (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100).